Thursday, April 8, 2021

Indoor Fiberisation & Small Cells



Mobile back haul technology Trade-Offs and Cablesmith Approach

Thanks to the information superhighway, mobile revolution and smarter technologies, we are living in a digital world where everything is connected and hence can be digitally activated world, is literally at our fingertips. The data boom that ensued has resulted in the transformation of certain technologies. One such example is the shift of interest from macro cell towers to small cells with a focus on indoor coverage and capacity as 80% of data traffic is generated indoors.

What are small cells?

Small cells, a growing technology, are low powered Radio Access Nodes that has a network range of 10 meters to a few hundred meters depending on the output power and frequency. The value of small cell market was $10.35 billion in 2016 and shot up to $12.5 billion in 2017. According to industry prediction, the small cell market will have a rapid growth, projecting a market of $58.7 billion by 2024.

Why are the advantages of Small Cell technology?

There is an immediate need to fulfil the increasing expectations of the consumers in terms of digital penetration. One obvious method is to increase the number of macro cell towers. But it is a tedious process which on one hand must clear regulatory hurdles and on the other is a costly affair. This is where small cells come in with several advantages starting from an improved network coverage to an increased capacity, in densely populated urban areas, helping a consumer to extend the battery life of handsets. They’re unobtrusive and consumes less power. Small cells overcome most of the limitations of the macro cell towers and clearly presents a solution for a demanding future.

Here are some factors that favours the growth of small cells technology: 

1.Growing demand of high data speed along with the growth in smart phone demand.

2.Need of ubiquitous indoor coverage.

3.Evolution towards 5G.

4.Allocation of higher frequency spectrum

What are the challenges?

One of the major challenges that the mobile operators are facing is the lack of available backhaul, especially indoors. This has a severe impact on network densification as well. The table summarizes how mobile operators rely on a variety of backhaul approaches to transmit their traffic to and from macro and small cell base stations.

Table 1: Mobile back haul technology Trade-Offs

MA

Source: GSMA

As the data suggests, with a significant inherent bandwidth carrying capability, Fiber Optic backhauling is the best future-proof option available for the operators. However, the lack of indoor fiberisation can be a hurdle here.

With network densification in the 5G era, and allied emergence of smart homes, connected cars, telemedicine, smart city-- automation will be a precondition along with the health monitoring of the cabling infrastructure. The traditional microwave cannot meet the backhaul requirements of 5G technology, leading to its dependency on fiberisation. The solution o this hurdle is hence a value added fiber optic structured cabling which is capable to serve all the back haul/front haul requirement of multi operators and multi technologies inside the building

How effective Cablesmith Platform in optimizing Mobile back haul technology Trade-Offs


The main limitations of fiber optics technology are the cost and logistics of deploying the material. However, Cable smith presents a solution that is cost-effective. By sharing and unbundling the fiber backhaul CS platform help to reduce the deployment cost to 50 per cent. While in general fiberisation might take several months to complete, cable smith platform is streamlined and deploys the technology within few days or even few hours.

Blog by :

Ragesh Puthusseri
Director- Technology and Innovation
Cablesmith


Monday, October 26, 2020

Hello Facility Managers! A lot can happen over Structured Cabling!


Just like the famous tagline that goes  ‘A lot can happen over coffee‘ put forward by one of India’s largest coffee café chain - Café Coffee Day, Cablesmith is opening new doors in the network connectivity infrastructure of a building that facilitates huge possibilities for the builders, operators and tenants making their space a smart space.

Be it cellular coverage, FTTH Connection, voice, data, video security or building management system, information is increasingly critical to the productivity of the building occupants and the overall network performance of the building. But the quality of the information flow is solely determined by the type of cabling system the building holds. A conventional unstructured cabling system that carries multiple cables from multiple network vendors all lands at the telecom room gradually making it an ever-messy cabling system that slow down the network performance and making it a constantly interrupted connectivity system inside a building . Cablesmith solves this by efficiently integrating multiple cellular coverage and FTTX to structured cabling of a building. This helps enhance the performance of all networks inside a building that eventually contributes for better productivity of everyone working in the building as they could enjoy a steady and uninterrupted network going forward.

How structured cabling system works ?

A structured cabling system is designed to ensure that information flows smoothly over the cabling network. It includes a set of transmission products applied with engineering design rules that allow the user to apply voice, data and signals in a manner that maximizes data rates hence making it a steady and uninterrupted network.

Is structured cabling system a common platform for all voice and data in the building ?

Usually, in order to accommodate cellular coverage (including multiple-operator networks) inside a building you need separate cabling solution dedicated for that, which attracts multiple vendor and multiple cabling solutions that eventually makes it a messy cabling system that puts the network  performance inside a building at stake. Cablesmith has got all these issues covered for any builder, operator and the tenant by bringing together all voice and data in the building into one common platform.

Why Cablesmith ?

Cablesmith- The value added structured cabling platform integrates all your cabling needs inside a building to a single and efficient infrastructure.  It’s just like having a cup of a mocha from the legendary coffee café chain in India, a lot of possibilities can happen over this single platform that integrates multiple cellular coverage and multiple FTTH to the structured cabling system of a building making it a smart and futuristic building. 


Blog by :

Muhammed Rameesh

Co-founder, Cablesmith


Wednesday, August 12, 2020

The Role of Structured Cabling in a Future-ready Building


According to an Industry analysis and forecast report published in early 2020 by ‘Industry ARC’, Structured cabling market size is set to grow at a CAGR of 9% during the forecast period 2020-2025 and is projected to reach 20.15 billion USD by 2025.

If we look into Structured cabling from a technology and infrastructure point of view, we’ll get some interesting  key takeaways from the above mentioned report like :

> The increase in demand for high-speed connectivity devices and services due to the acceptance of convergence is fuelling this growth along with the expansion of telecommunication infrastructure as the campus cabling infrastructure is set to play a prominent role.

> The growing acceptance of cabling infrastructure in residential and commercial applications is likely to aid in the market growth of Structured cabling.

> An increase in the adoption of copper cables will increase the market demand for Structured cabling market in the near future. On the other hand, the growing popularity of fiber optic cables is creating a significant number of opportunities for the Structured cabling market during the forecast period.

> The fiber optic cables and their components are anticipated to grow at it’s highest CAGR during 2020-2025 when compared to the copper counterparts. This is mainly to meet the rise in the demand for higher transmission rate as well as bandwidth. 

When we deal with the demanding requirement of integrated voice, data, video, telecommunication applications IoT etc. the cabling infrastructure definitely need to be a structured one.

Unstructured systems usually have a lower initial cost than a well-structured system, but this is a glaring example of how the cheap comes out expensive.

Having known about the significance and necessity of Structured cabling, let’s go a bit more in detail into it.

Structured Cabling is defined as building or campus telecommunications cabling infrastructure that consists of a number of standardized smaller elements/components (hence structured) called subsystems. A structured cabling system is a complete system of cabling and associated hardware, which provides a comprehensive telecommunications infrastructure. This infrastructure serves a wide range of uses, such as to provide telephone service or transmit data through a computer network.

The Major Subsystems of Structured Cabling

1. Entrance Facility

Points in building facility where the cabling from the telephone/network company connects with cabling at the building premises.

2. Equipment Room

The equipment room accommodates the major tools such as servers, cross connects, and the telecommunications equipment for occupants of a building. The nature of this equipment is typically much more complex than that stored in the telecommunications room.

3. Backbone cabling

The backbone cabling consists of all the main cables that interconnect the entrance facility, the equipment room, and the telecommunications closet(s). These 3 components are the back end of the Structured cabling system that are not visible to most occupants of a building, and this cabling acts as a backbone and is why it’s called so!

4. Telecommunications Closet

The telecommunications closet is usually designated for a specific floor of a building, housing the less complex equipment needed for that floor. It is much smaller than the equipment room, and can be thought of as a satellite location of the equipment room. These closets usually store things like panels and switches.

5. Horizontal Cabling

Horizontal cabling runs between the telecommunications closet and the work area. It includes cabling that runs in through the ceiling, parallel to the floor and in the walls to the outlets present in the workspace.

6. Work Area

Finally, where it all matters- the work area!

This is probably what you are sitting at right now! A work area can be a desk, cubicle, office etc. where connection to the structured cabling system is needed via a computer, phone or other devices. This is the final stop in the structured cabling path.

 

              Structured Cabling                                Unstructured Cabling


Benefits of Structured Network Cabling

> Greater ROI

A Structured computer network cabling system unifies your IT network for data, voice and video. That unified structure reduces the need for updates and lowers your maintenance costs. Additionally, any additions, moves or changes can be made within the system with ease, saving your company, both time and money.

> Simpler Management (Reduced Opex)

With Structured cabling on your computer network, you won’t need to continually call on a big team to keep your data center cabling under control, as it can be administered and managed by a minimum staff. And, when changes need to be made to the system, they can be done in a faster, more efficient way with minimal disruption.

> More Expansive IT Infrastructure (Future Proof)

Structured computer network cabling exhibits high bandwidth, which means it will be able to support future applications or add-ons. These add-ons can include multimedia or video conferencing with little interruption to your existing system. As a result, you get greater assurance your system won’t become prematurely dated. Thus, the use of structured wiring allows your system’s infrastructure to adapt to your future telecommunications requirements.

> Greater Flexibility

Handling multiple wiring systems can be difficult. A Structured cabling system, however, consolidates your computer network wiring system into a single infrastructure that transfers data in multiple formats. This flexibility also makes the system easy to dismantle and move to a new location if needed.

> Aesthetics

Where aesthetics enters the equation, Structured cabling creates a cleaner, more uncluttered look than a point-to-point cabling or multiple wiring system. A cabling system plagued with too many wires can slow down functionality, but a unified system is more efficient and easier to use.

Structured cabling also brings lot of benefits to the IT infrastructure cabling system. If properly planned and executed , the same cabling infrastructure can be utilized for mobile coverage solutions as most of the OEMs have coverage and capacity enhancement solution which works on structured cabling architecture with hybrid mode of fiber optics and Cat 6 Cable support.

What Maximize the Value of Structured Cabling

> Single Infrastructure for all the services

Build the structured cabling infrastructure to be able to support all the technology/topology/services etc. related to IT, Telecom, IoT services. For this, requirement gathering needs to be carefully done in planning stage itself. The next generation requirement of ‘fiber deep’ also need to be kept in mind, where all the efforts should be focused on pushing ‘fiber’ to the proximity of a user.

> Integrated solution for site documentation and Monitoring

Wouldn’t it be nice to have an option to know, check and analyse all the required data/parameter of your site on your fingertip?

The value can be further maximized through the same integrated platform that can perform administrative as well as operation and maintenance activities for multiple buildings across the geography.

Conclusion

The more you get to know about Structured cabling, the more you’ll realize it’s possibilities for a brighter tomorrow.


Blog by :

Ragesh Puthusseri
Director- Technology and Innovation
Cablesmith